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AUTHOR Liu, Chuan and Campbell, Scott B. and Li, Jianzhao and Bannerman, Dawn and Pascual-Gil, Simon and Kieda, Jennifer and Wu, Qinghua and Herman, Peter R. and Radisic, Milica
Title High Throughput Omnidirectional Printing of Tubular Microstructures from Elastomeric Polymers [Abstract]
Year 2022
Journal/Proceedings Advanced Healthcare Materials
Abstract Bioelastomers have been extensively used in biomedical applications due to their desirable mechanical strength, tunable properties, and chemical versatility; however, 3D printing bioelastomers into microscale structures has proven elusive. Herein, a high throughput omnidirectional printing approach via coaxial extrusion is described that fabricated perfusable elastomeric microtubes of unprecedently small inner diameter (350-550 μm) and wall thickness (40-60 μm). The versatility of this approach was shown through the printing of two different polymeric elastomers, followed by photocrosslinking and removal of the fugitive inner phase. Designed experiments were used to tune the dimensions and stiffness of the microtubes to match that of native ex vivo rat vasculature. This approach afforded the fabrication of multiple biomimetic shapes resembling cochlea and kidney glomerulus and afforded facile, high-throughput generation of perfusable structures that can be seeded with endothelial cells for biomedical applications. Post-printing laser micromachining was performed to generate numerous micro-sized holes (5-20 μm) in the tube wall to tune microstructure permeability. Importantly, for organ-on-a-chip applications, the described approach took only 3.6 minutes to print microtubes (without microholes) over an entire 96-well plate device, in contrast to comparable hole-free structures that take between 1.5 to 6.5 days to fabricate using a manual 3D stamping approach. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved