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AUTHOR Xing, Ruirui and Yuan, Chengqian and Fan, Wei and Ren, Xiaokang and Yan, Xuehai
Title Biomolecular glass with amino acid and peptide nanoarchitectonics [Abstract]
Year 2023
Journal/Proceedings Science Advances
Glass is ubiquitous in life and widely used in various fields. However, there is an urgent need to develop biodegradable and biorecyclable glasses that have a minimal environmental footprint toward a sustainable society and a circular materials economy. Here, we report a family of eco-friendly glasses of biological origin fabricated using biologically derived amino acids or peptides through the classic heating-quenching procedure. Amino acids and peptides with chemical modification at their ends are found able to form a supercooled liquid before decomposition and eventually glass upon quenching. These developed glasses exhibit excellent glass-forming ability and optical characteristics and are amenable to three-dimensional–printed additive manufacturing and mold casting. Crucially, the glasses show biocompatibility, biodegradability, and biorecyclability beyond the currently used commercial glasses and plastic materials. Biodegradable and biorecyclable glasses developed from amino acids exhibit functionality and sustainability.