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AUTHOR Estermann, Manuela and Coelho, Ricardo and Jacob, Francis and Huang, Yen-Lin and Liang, Ching-Yeu and Faia-Torres, Ana Bela and Septiadi, Dedy and Drasler, Barbara and Karakocak, Bedia Begum and Dijkhoff, Irini Magdelina and Petri-Fink, Alke and Heinzelmann-Schwarz, Viola and Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara
Title A 3D multi-cellular tissue model of the human omentum to study the formation of ovarian cancer metastasis [Abstract]
Year 2023
Journal/Proceedings Biomaterials
Reliable and predictive experimental models are urgently needed to study metastatic mechanisms of ovarian cancer cells in the omentum. Although models for ovarian cancer cell adhesion and invasion were previously investigated, the lack of certain omental cell types, which influence the metastatic behavior of cancer cells, limits the application of these tissue models. Here, we describe a 3D multi-cellular human omentum tissue model, which considers the spatial arrangement of five omental cell types. Reproducible tissue models were fabricated combining permeable cell culture inserts and bioprinting technology to mimic metastatic processes of immortalized and patient-derived ovarian cancer cells. The implementation of an endothelial barrier further allowed studying the interaction between cancer and endothelial cells during hematogenous dissemination and the impact of chemotherapeutic drugs. This proof-of-concept study may serve as a platform for patient-specific investigations in personalized oncology in the future.
AUTHOR Sarmin, Atiya M. and El Moussaid, Nadia and Suntornnond, Ratima and Tyler, Eleanor J. and Kim, Yang-Hee and Di Cio, Stefania and Megone, William V. and Pearce, Oliver and Gautrot, Julien E. and Dawson, Jonathan and Connelly, John T.
Title Multi-Scale Analysis of the Composition, Structure, and Function of Decellularized Extracellular Matrix for Human Skin and Wound Healing Models [Abstract]
Year 2022
Journal/Proceedings Biomolecules
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex mixture of structural proteins, proteoglycans, and signaling molecules that are essential for tissue integrity and homeostasis. While a number of recent studies have explored the use of decellularized ECM (dECM) as a biomaterial for tissue engineering, the complete composition, structure, and mechanics of these materials remain incompletely understood. In this study, we performed an in-depth characterization of skin-derived dECM biomaterials for human skin equivalent (HSE) models. The dECM materials were purified from porcine skin, and through mass spectrometry profiling, we quantified the presence of major ECM molecules, including types I, III, and VI collagen, fibrillin, and lumican. Rheological analysis demonstrated the sol-gel and shear-thinning properties of dECM materials, indicating their physical suitability as a tissue scaffold, while electron microscopy revealed a complex, hierarchical structure of nanofibers in dECM hydrogels. The dECM materials were compatible with advanced biofabrication techniques, including 3D printing within a gelatin microparticle support bath, printing with a sacrificial material, or blending with other ECM molecules to achieve more complex compositions and structures. As a proof of concept, we also demonstrate how dECM materials can be fabricated into a 3D skin wound healing model using 3D printing. Skin-derived dECM therefore represents a complex and versatile biomaterial with advantageous properties for the fabrication of next-generation HSEs.