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AUTHOR Wu, Qinghua and Zhang, Peikai and O'Leary, Gerard and Zhao, Yimu and Xu, Yinghao and Rafatian, Naimeh and Okhovatian, Sargol and Landau, Shira and Valiante, Taufik A. and Travas-Sejdic, Jadranka and Radisic, Milica
Title Flexible 3D printed microwires and 3D microelectrodes for heart-on-a-chip engineering [Abstract]
Year 2023
Journal/Proceedings Biofabrication
We developed a heart-on-a-chip platform that integrates highly flexible, vertical, 3D micropillar electrodes for electrophysiological recording and elastic microwires for the tissue’s contractile force assessment. The high aspect ratio microelectrodes were 3D-printed into the device using a conductive polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). A pair of flexible, quantum dots/thermoplastic elastomer nanocomposite microwires were 3D printed to anchor the tissue and enable continuous contractile force assessment. The 3D microelectrodes and flexible microwires enabled unobstructed human iPSC-based cardiac tissue formation and contraction, suspended above the device surface, under both spontaneous beating and upon pacing with a separate set of integrated carbon electrodes. Recording of extracellular field potentials using the PEDOT:PSS micropillars was demonstrated with and without epinephrine as a model drug, non-invasively, along with in situ monitoring of tissue contractile properties and calcium transients. Uniquely, the platform provides integrated profiling of electrical and contractile tissue properties, which is critical for proper evaluation of complex, mechanically and electrically active tissues, such as the heart muscle under both physiological and pathological conditions.