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AUTHOR Wei, Shan and Zhang, Ren-Gang and Wang, Zheng-Yu
Title Deferoxamine/magnesium modified β-tricalcium phosphate promotes the bone regeneration in osteoporotic rats [Abstract]
Year 2022
Journal/Proceedings Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Recently, Deferoxamine (DFO) and magnesium (Mg) have been identified as critical factors for angiogenesis and bone formation. However, in current research studies, there is a lack of focus on whether DFO plus Mg can affect the regeneration of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) in osteoporosis and through what biological mechanisms. Therefore, the present work was aimed to preparation and evaluate the effect of Deferoxamine/magnesium modified β-tricalcium phosphate promotes (DFO/Mg-TCP) in ovariectomized rats model and preliminary exploration of possible mechanisms. The MC3T3-E1 cells were co-cultured with the exudate of DFO/Mg-TCP and induced to osteogenesis, and the cell viability, osteogenic activity were observed by Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) staining, Alizarin Red Staining (RES) and Western Blot. In vitro experiments, CCK-8, ALP and ARS staining results show that the mineralization and osteogenic activity of MC3T3-E1increased significantly after intervention by DFO/Mg-TCP, as well as a higher levels of protein expressions including VEGF, OC, Runx-2 and HIF-1α. In vivo experiment, Micro-CT and Histological analysis evaluation show that DFO/Mg-TCP treatment presented the stronger effect on bone regeneration, bone mineralization and biomaterial degradation, when compared with OVX+Mg-TCP group and OVX+TCP group, as well as a higher VEGF, OC, Runx-2 and HIF-1α gene expression. The present study indicates that treatment with DFO/Mg-TCP was associated with increased regeneration by enhancing the function of osteoblasts in an OVX rat.