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AUTHOR Katcharava, Zviadi and Zhou, Xiaozhuang and Bhandary, Rajesh and Sattler, Rene and Huth, Heiko and Beiner, Mario and Marinow, Anja and Binder, Wolfgang H.
Title Solvent and catalyst free vitrimeric poly(ionic liquid) electrolytes [Abstract]
Year 2023
Journal/Proceedings RSC Adv.
Polymer electrolytes (PEs) are a promising alternative to overcome shortcomings of conventional lithium ion batteries (LiBs) and make them safer for users. Introduction of self-healing features in PEs additionally leads to prolonged life-time of LIBs{,} thus tackling cost and environmental issues. We here present solvent free{,} self-healable{,} reprocessable{,} thermally stable{,} conductive poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) consisting of pyrrolidinium-based repeating units. PEO-functionalized styrene was used as a co-monomer for improving mechanical properties and introducing pendant OH groups in the polymer backbone to act as a transient crosslinking site for boric acid{,} leading to the formation of dynamic boronic ester bonds{,} thus forming a vitrimeric material. Dynamic boronic ester linkages allow reprocessing (at 40 °C){,} reshaping and self-healing ability of PEs. A series of vitrimeric PILs by varying both monomers ratio and lithium salt (LiTFSI) content was synthesized and characterized. The conductivity reached 10−5 S cm−1 at 50 °C in the optimized composition. Moreover{,} the PILs rheological properties fit the required melt flow behavior (above 120 °C) for 3D printing via fused deposition modeling (FDM){,} offering the possibility to design batteries with more complex and diverse architectures.
AUTHOR Katcharava, Zviadi and Marinow, Anja and Bhandary, Rajesh and Binder, Wolfgang H.
Title 3D Printable Composite Polymer Electrolytes: Influence of SiO2 Nanoparticles on 3D-Printability [Abstract]
Year 2022
Journal/Proceedings Nanomaterials
We here demonstrate the preparation of composite polymer electrolytes (CPEs) for Li-ion batteries, applicable for 3D printing process via fused deposition modeling. The prepared composites consist of modified poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) and SiO2-based nanofillers. PEG was successfully end group modified yielding telechelic PEG containing either ureidopyrimidone (UPy) or barbiturate moieties, capable to form supramolecular networks via hydrogen bonds, thus introducing self-healing to the electrolyte system. Silica nanoparticles (NPs) were used as a filler for further adjustment of mechanical properties of the electrolyte to enable 3D-printability. The surface functionalization of the NPs with either ionic liquid (IL) or hydrophobic alkyl chains is expected to lead to an improved dispersion of the NPs within the polymer matrix. Composites with different content of NPs (5%, 10%, 15%) and LiTFSI salt (EO/Li+ = 5, 10, 20) were analyzed via rheology for a better understanding of 3D printability, and via Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy (BDS) for checking their ionic conductivity. The composite electrolyte PEG 1500 UPy2/LiTFSI (EO:Li 5:1) mixed with 15% NP-IL was successfully 3D printed, revealing its suitability for application as printable composite electrolytes.